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Oropharyngeal Cancer: Introduction

Oropharyngeal cancer refers to any type of cancer affecting the oral cavity, including the lip, tongue, mouth, and throat (pharynx).

Oropharyngeal cancer develops in the part of the throat just behind the mouth, called the oropharynx. Sometimes this is called throat cancer. The oropharynx begins where the oral cavity stops. It includes the base of tongue (the back third of the tongue), the soft palate (the back part of the roof of the mouth), the tonsils, and the side and back wall of the throat.