Bladder Cancer Diagnosis and Staging
A patient with bladder cancer symptoms at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia may have one or more of the following procedures to diagnose bladder cancer and/or other genitourinary cancers:
Cystoscopy: Allows a doctor to look directly into the bladder using a thin, lighted tube (cytoscope). The lining of the bladder is examined by inserting the cytoscope into the bladder through the urethra. Anesthesia may be used for this procedure.
Intravenous pyelogram: The doctor injects a blood vessel with a dye. The dye will then collect in the urine and allow the bladder to show up on x-rays.
Physical exam: A doctor may feel for tumors in the abdomen and pelvis. A physical exam may also include a vaginal and/or a rectal exam.
Urine test: Allows the laboratory to check the urine for signs of disease such as blood and cancer cells, among others.
Bladder Cancer Symptoms and Diagnosis Questions
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