print   Bookmark and Share  |  RSS  |  A  A  A

Testicular Cancer Diagnosis and Symptoms

A patient with testicular cancer symptoms at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia may have one or more of the following procedures to diagnose testicular cancer and/or other genitourinary cancers:

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

  • Firm testicles
  • Scrotal heaviness
  • Intratesticular mass
  • Painless swelling and redness
  • Dull ache in the scrotum or abdomen
  • Acute pain in the testicles or scrotum

Diagnosing Testicular Cancer
Any man with one or more of the signs of testicular cancer listed above should be examined by a health care professional.

If a mass is found by either self-examination or clinical examination, a scrotal ultrasound is usually done to determine whether the mass is inside or outside the testicle.

Other tests are used to further diagnose testicular cancer staging includes:

  • Chest X-ray's
  • Computed Tomographic (CT) Scans
  • Serum Protein Tumor Markers

Testicular Cancer Staging
Testicular cancer is categorized using the TNMS staging system created by the American Joint Committee on Cancer. This stands for:

  • Tumor Size: How big is the tumor and has it spread in the area?
  • Lymph Nodes: Are any lymph nodes positive for cancer—and how many?
  • Metastasis: Has the cancer spread to any other parts of the body?
  • Serum Tumor Markers: How high are the serum levels?

Testicular cancer is diagnosed as either stage O, I, II or III

The staging of testicular cancer is essential to testicular treatment design. Testicular cancers caught at an early stage are very treatable, with almost a 99% cure rate.

Testicular Cancer Questions and Appointments
Contact us for more information about our testicular cancer treatment programs.